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Date of birth - 7 March, 1926

Place of birth - Kalinovka, Vinnytsia oblast, Ukraine

Place of interview - Toronto, Canada

Date of interview - 17 February, 2006

Audio interview

Language - Ukrainian


MF - It was May 31, 1942, when there was the massacre where they shot everybody.

Interviewer - It was more than a massacre. It was methodological cleansing.

MF - I found some friends - the Morozovsky family. The boys were in the same class as me. She [the mother] gave me a document with the name of her son, Michael Morozovsky. He was the same age as me. When I met my brother on Ural, I told him about this.

Interviewer - You know what, I purposefully did not want more. I just wanted this one moment. It has a lot of moral significance.

MF - Please record that this man, Michael Friedland, when he was getting his passport, in honor of [Morozovsky], he kept his name [until now].

Interviewer - I will write that one sentence. All the facts are in the archives.

MF - I understand. Just one sentence that nicely summarizes that in memory of him, as a sign of gratitude, I honoured Morozovsky.

I will tell you one more interesting story about what it means to be a person. I was walking, walking, until I reached the river Dnipro. There was a train standing there. And the polish conductor asks me "What are you doing here, boy?" I'm standing there, ragged; this poor boy. He asks me "why are you standing there?" This conductor, not knowing who I was, took me into the cart where the coal was and hid me. Then I hear a German comes in yelling "niemand", so "nobody here". The conductor agreed.

Interviewer - So he really risked a lot for you.

MF - I'm sitting here thinking what was stopping him from exposing me. There are good people out there.

excerpt from the Interview with MICHAEL FRIEDLAND

The interviews can be accessed at the UCRDC. Please contact us at: office@ucrdc.org